Background of the generations-long conflict in Colombia involving the state, the guerilla group FARC and paramilitaries. The shifting boundaries between drug trafficking and political crime remain a serious obstacle to efforts to promote accountability and respect for human rights in the region.
Background on conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR) in the context of Jean-Pierre Bemba’s trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC is preparing to prosecute Bemba of the DRC for alleged rapes, torture and murders that his militia committed in the CAR.
Situation brief on the International Criminal Court's upcoming pretrial hearings on whether to pursue charges against Jean-Pierre Bemba for crimes his troops allegedly committed in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2002-03. The ICC prosecutor opened an investigation in May 2007 into crimes committed in the CAR, based on a December 2004 referral from Central African President. An arrest warrant was issued on May 24, 2008, he was arrested the same day. He is now in custody in The Hague.
The International Center for Transitional Justice expresses concern about the decision to overturn the registration of Forum des Organizations de la Societe Civile (FORSC) through the decree of the Minister of Interior on November 23, 2009.
Since the early 1990s, several dozen Sub-Saharan African countries have attempted to address past human rights abuses by relying on a varied mix of transitional justice mechanisms, such as prosecutions, truth-seeking and reconciliation efforts, reparations, or reform of their justice and security systems.
In the lead up to Afghanistan's second cycle of elections in 2009 and 2010, this report aims to analyze the legal and operational framework for vetting candidates in the upcoming elections; describe and assess the challenges to the vetting process in the previous elections; map out possibilities and challenges for vetting in the upcoming elections; and make recommendations on vetting to key Afghan and international stakeholders.
Background on the rise in instability and deterioration in security in Afghanistan since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001. ICTJ summarizes the actions of the Karzai government in implementing transitional justice reforms based off findings of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) in 2004.
Background on the challenges in addressing legacies of past violence in sub-Saharan African countries such as Uganda, Ethiopia and Eritrea. The fact sheet gives an overview of the situation in the region and ICTJ's approaches in promoting transitional justice in individual countries.
Document from the High Court of South Africa regarding a case on enforced disappearances.
South Africa, Zimbabwe, Angola, Mozambique and Namibia have all experienced massive violations of human rights in the recent past. Apart from Zimbabwe, where a political crisis continues, all of these states have further seen the end of major conflicts within the last two decades. Only in South Africa have formal transitional justice mechanisms played a visible role, and even there, those mechanisms have left many issues unaddressed.