Reparations play a unique role within the transitional justice framework in providing justice for victims.
Background on the ICC's record in pursuing prosecutions as a response to massive human rights abuses and discusses hybrid court tribunals as a developing judicial strategy. ICTJ offers insight into trends for states to balance international and domestic pressures to combat impunity for war criminals.
Lessons to Be Learned. An interview with Howard Varney, director of ICTJ’s Truth-Seeking Program.
Background on the massive human rights violations in the states that declared independence from the Former Yugoslavia from 1991 onwards, including Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, resulting in the deaths of over 140,000 people and four million displaced. The fact sheet covers the criminal prosecutions of major figures that took place in the aftermath of the violence, and initiatives in truth-seeking, institutional reforms and reparations.
This is a compilation of cases from the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court of Colombia.
Background on the 2004 ICC arrest warrant for Bosco Ntaganda, wanted for war crimes allegedly committed in the DRC including civilian massacres and the recruitment of child soldiers. In 2009, the Congolese government decided not to arrest Bosco, and instead appointed him a deputy commander of military operations against the FDLR rebels.
Situation brief on the International Criminal Court's prosecution against Thomas Lubanga, the former leader of the Union des Patriotes Congolais (UPC) who has been charged with genocide and crimes against humanity. Due to problems with the prosecutor's proposed use of evidence, the trial was cancelled shortly before it was scheduled to begin and the proceedings were put on hold. After appeals by the prosecutor, the court's Trial Chamber reinstated the proceedings and set the trial for Jan. 26, 2009. Lubanga is the first accused to be tried by the court.
Background on the role of amnesty in processes of transitional justice and the 2009 DRC Amnesty Law. Given a fragile justice system and culture of impunity, this law risks rewarding blanket amnesty for all crimes committed in the DRC. ICTJ gives suggestions to break the culture of impunity, and necessary reforms in order to bring about true justice and a lasting peace.
The Documentation Affinity Group (DAG) was established in 2005 by ICTJ and five partner organizations as a peer-to-peer network with a primary focus on human rights documentation. Documenting Truth collects the best practices derived from the work of the DAG organizations in Cambodia, Guatemala, Burma, Iraq, Serbia and the United States. Its goal is to provide useful lessons for groups documenting abuses around the world, working toward the protection and promotion of truth, and establishing just and democratic societies.
For the last 50 years Cypriots have been living amid various forms of conflict between political leaders, communities and armed forces. Divisive re-tellings of key moments in these conflicts continue to be important to the politics of all communities on the island.